Why The Paris Agreement Failed

One thing is certain: this agreement will not be enough to limit the average temperature of global warming to 2 degrees Celsius, let alone the 1.5 degrees Celsius temperature that the agreement itself considers necessary. However, for domestic policy reasons in most countries and in the current geopolitical reality, this is the best deal we have been able to reach. That is why we cannot place all our hope in such an international agreement and action must be taken at all levels at which we are all involved. The futility of the agreement is manifested by the continued destruction of our planet. Since the signing of the agreement, global CO2 emissions have increased by about 4%. And last year, emissions from all fossil fuel sources increased: coal emissions increased by 1%, oil by 1.7% and gas by 3%. We have not even reached the peak of CO2 emissions. But let`s take a closer look at this new universal climate agreement. The Paris climate agreement is a joke. And I should know that I was there when it was designed.

Unfortunately, the agreement does not correspond to the most difficult issue of these negotiations: the differentiation of efforts between all countries. When the Convention on Climate Change was adopted in Rio in 1992, countries were divided into two categories: historical emitters and the rest of the world. This distinction was based on the principle of “common but differentiated responsibilities and capabilities.” Today, the Paris Agreement adds the concept “in the light of national realities” to meet emerging countries and vaguely distinguishes “developed” and “developing” countries. In other words, it means that historical issuers are still the ones who are needed to shoulder most of the burden and continue to send emerging countries until they feel they have done enough. This legislation on the development of CO2 emissions is understandable, as many basic infrastructures that will need to be built (for example. B roads, buildings) will be emissions. But the way of sharing the carbon budget equitably has remained. This agreement therefore does not guarantee a fair share of the burden and will leave the most powerful countries as arbitrators. The failure of nations to deliver on the paris climate accord`s promises to drastically reduce emissions could cost the global economy as much as $600 trillion this century, as a new analysis showed on Tuesday. The Paris climate agreement consists of 12 pages and is accompanied by 19 pages of decisions that list all options to be implemented or developed under this new agreement.

It will have consequences in various international agreements, from trade to agriculture, sustainable development, humanitarian aid, etc. Under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), the implementation and continuation of negotiations on the development of solutions will continue each year. Specifically. In Paris, countries pursued two long-term goals. A temperature target to limit global warming to less than 2 degrees Celsius and reach 1.5 degrees Celsius. A difference of 0.5 degrees Celsius is significant and an increase of 1.5 degrees Celsius could mean for many countries that their country, or part of it, will become habitable before the end of this century. And a second target of net zero emissions by the second half of this century, between 2050 and 2100. In order to achieve these two long-term goals, a mechanism has been adopted under which, every five years from 2020, all countries will present their strategies for reducing greenhouse gas emissions.