Munich Agreement For Dummies

Czechoslovakia was an independent country in 1938. It was founded in 1918 after the First World War with an international agreement. Hitler wanted a habitat that would have unified all Germans in Czechoslovakia with Germany. Since most German speakers were in Czechoslovakia in the Sudetenland, Hitler first set his goals there. He knew that most of Czechoslovakia`s industrial strength would be lost if the Sudetenland left Czechoslovakia. Britain, France and the Soviet Union had all agreed to support Czechoslovakia in the event of an invasion. The Munich Agreement was an agreement between France, Italy, Nazi Germany and Britain. After Germany threatened to invade the Sudetenland in Czechoslovakia, the British and French prime ministers tried to urge Hitler to agree that its military would no longer be used in the future in exchange for the country`s capture, including From Rhineland and others. After Hitler`s agreement, most Dieers regarded the agreement as a success, but Hitler invaded the rest of Czechoslovakia in 1939.

Later that year, World War II began. [Silence] An agreement signed at the Munich Conference in September 1938 handed over the German-speaking country of Sudetenland to Czechoslovakia to Germany. The agreement was reached between Germany, Italy, Great Britain and France. Czechoslovakia was not allowed to attend the conference. In March 1939, six months after the signing of the Munich Agreement, Hitler violated the agreement and destroyed the Czech state. UCLA Film and Television Archive Chamberlain received an ecstatic reception upon his return to the UK. At Heston Airport, he delivered the famous “Peace in Our Time” speech and waved to an enthusiastic crowd of the agreement. Although the British and French were satisfied, as were the German military and diplomatic leaders, Hitler was furious. He felt obliged to behave like a bourgeois politician by his diplomats and generals.

Under the Munich Agreement, the entire territory, mainly German, was to be returned to Czechoslovakia by 10 October. Poland and Hungary occupied other parts of the country and, after a few months, Czechoslovakia ceased to exist and what was left of Slovakia became a German puppet state. The agreement authorizing the annexation of the Sudetenland by Germany was signed on 29 September 1938. 29-30 September 1938: Germany, Italy, Great Britain and France sign the Munich Agreement by which Czechoslovakia must cede its border and defensive regions (the so-called Sudetenland) to Nazi Germany. German troops occupied these territories between 1 and 10 October 1938. In the spring of 1938, Hitler openly began to support calls from German spokesmen living in the Sudetenland region of Czechoslovakia for closer relations with Germany. Hitler had recently annexed Austria to Germany and the conquest of Czechoslovakia was the next step in his plan to create a “Greater Germany”. The Czechoslovakian government hoped that Britain and France would help in the event of a German invasion, but British Prime Minister Chamberlain tried to avoid war. He made two trips to Germany in September and offered favorable agreements to Hitler, but Fuhrer responded to his demands. Daladier hated the appeasement of the Nazis by the Munich Pact, but Chamberlain was enthusiastic and even stayed in Munich to sign a unilateral document with Hitler that he said secured the future of Anglo-German peace.